Current state and prospects Part 1

development of nuclear fuel cycle enterprises

The nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) is a set of operations and technology

the logic of extraction and fabrication of fuel for nuclear reactors, using

fuel handling in nuclear reactors, its storage and processing.

In Russia, nuclear fuel cycle enterprises are united

becoming OJSC Atomenergoprom, which is part of the State

atomic energy corporation Rosatom (structure of Rosatom

given in Appendix 4). Atomenergoprom is one of the largest

the largest “nuclear” companies in the world and provides all types of “nuclear”

services: mining and processing of uranium ore, uranium enrichment,

fabrication of nuclear fuel, electricity generation at nuclear power plants

and construction of a nuclear power plant. Today in the world market there are

there are only two companies providing nuclear fuel services

cycle in full – Atomenergoprom (Russia) and Areva

(France).

Atomenergoprom is divided into divisions. Ore Mining Division

heads the ARMZ Uranium Holding, which manages all

mining enterprises in Russia, as well as due to shares in co-

local enterprises (JVs) control over 20% of uranium

passes of Kazakhstan (JV “Zarechnoye”, JV “Akbastau” and JV “Karatau”).

ARMZ Uranium Holding is also widely represented in other countries.

nah: the company has initiated joint exploration and

uranium mining in Mongolia, Namibia, Canada, Armenia and Ukraine.

Mining enterprises on the territory of the Russian Federation – JSC “Priargunskoye

industrial mining and chemical association “(Krasnokamensk,

Chita region), JSC Khiagda (Buryatia) and JSC Dalur (Kurgan-

sky region). Priargunsky industrial mining and chemical volume

Unity (PIMCU) is a leading uranium mining enterprise

we eat countries, up to 90% of Russian

uranium. Two more Russian companies are actively increasing their uranium production

enterprises: JSC “Khiagda” and JSC “Dalur”, implementing the technology

borehole in situ leaching According to 2008 data, the main reserves of recoverable uranium ores

are owned by Australia, Kazakhstan, Russia, South Africa and Canada. Common world

uranium reserves of the value category <130 $ per kg of uranium amounted to almost

5.5 million tons, and in Russia – 0.55 million tons, i.e. 10% of the world’s stock

owls. This figure continues to grow as intensive development is underway.

exploration of new deposits.

The largest uranium producers are Canada, Australia, Kazakhstan,

Russia and Niger. The total world uranium production in 2008 was

la 44,500 tons, while Russia produced 3687 tons (8% of world production).

According to the development program in 2025, our country will produce

20,000 tons per year and will come out on top in this indicator in the world.

For this, it is planned to organize uranium mining at four new

mining enterprises: CJSC Elkonsky Mining and Metallurgical

combine “and CJSC” Lunnoye “- in Yakutia, as well as CJSC” Uranium mining –

Gornoye company and Olovskaya mining and chemical company CJSC

in the Trans-Baikal Territory. In this list, the project for the development of the Elkon Ura-

of the new ore field (JSC “Elkonsky MMC”) stands apart:

develop one of the world’s largest uranium deposits – Elkonsky

uranium ore region with reserves of 319 thousand tons of uranium (6% of the world recoverable reserves).

The uranium enrichment division is headed by OJSC United

the company “Separation and sublimation complex”, which unites the

tyre enterprises – JSC Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical

binat “(Angarsk, Irkutsk region), JSC” Production volume

Association “Electrochemical Plant” (Zelenogorsk, Krasnoyarsk

region), OJSC “Ural Electrochemical Plant” (Novouralsk,

Sverdlovsk Region), OJSC Siberian Chemical Combine (Se-

versk, Tomsk region).

Russia has the most advanced uranium enrichment technology

on – gas centrifuge, which, despite all attempts, failed

surpass any country in the world. That is why Russia takes

leading positions in the world market for enrichment services (control

takes 40% of the market) and plans to intensify work in this direction.

For example, in 2007, on the basis of the Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical

the combine, two more companies were founded – OJSC International

uranium enrichment center “(IUEC), as well as the Russian-Kazakh

Joint Venture Center for Uranium Enrichment CJSC (UEC).

The IUEC is instructed to store a stock of uranium with low enrichment (3-5%) in

foliage 120 tons. This guarantee stock can be purchased by a country

deprived for any reason of the possibility of buying uranium at its

market in order to make fresh nuclear fuel and provide

uninterrupted operation of its nuclear power. Thus, Inter-

the international uranium enrichment center is an important instrument

the volume of ensuring international security. In the near future

The IUEC project will include Armenia and Ukraine, which have already signed the corresponding

pending intergovernmental documents. Participation negotiations

at the IUEC are conducted with Finland, South Korea and Belgium. Russian-

Kazakhstani project “Uranium Enrichment Center” (UEC), in contrast to

IUEC is purely commercial in nature – the enterprise was created for

construction of new uranium enrichment facilities, which will

located at the production site of the Angarsk electrolysis

chemical plant. As a result of the power of the Angarsk plant

Nata will double, and Russia will strengthen its position in the world

enrichment services market.

The uranium enrichment division is adjacent to the

trade in enrichment services and enriched uranium for external

market (JSC Techsnabexport) and a division for the production of equipment

uranium enrichment (JSC Engineering Center “Russkaya

gas centrifuge “).

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