Nuclear Power Plant

Integrated Energy Planning(IEP)

In first Integrated Energy Planning is discuss advance in below with suitable examples. Also related pictures are present.

Energy Policy Perspectives

Pessimistic View

  1. Oil and coal reserves are being exhaust rapidly
  2. Conventional hydro achieved its peak
  3. Non conventional sources such as wind, solar are rule out due to high cost and capacities are grossly inadequate
  4. Nuclear not possible due to social issues
  5. Continuing population growth causes upward spiralling of energy demand

Optimistic View

  1. Time limits on oil and coal reserves are unrealistic
  2. Conventional hydro will continue with untapped resources and small hydro development
  3. Non conventional sources which are relatively inexhaustible will be very useful specially when the grid is not available
  4. Barriers to Nuclear development is sociopolitical and can be overcome
  5. Energy conservation and readjustment of life styles will reduce specific energy consumption


  1. Reduce dependence on oil due to it s supply reducing
  2. Substitute oil by coal
  3. Proceed with caution on nuclear
  4. Widen the use of traditional energy resources
  5. Accelerate research and development on non conventional energy technologies
  6. Intensify energy conservation efforts
  7. Identify more appropriate, less energy intensive technologies
  8. Change towards less energy intensive life styles
  9. Control population growth
  10. Systematise energy planning

Emergence of Energy Planning – Integrated Energy Planning

Crude oil prices
Crude oil prices
  1. As a result of the turbulent decade of the 1970 s, the critical role that energy plays in virtually all human activities has been widely acknowledged
  2. Without a reliable and affordable source of energy, governments, institutions and individuals recognize that daily activities and future efforts are difficult or even impossible to achieve.
  3. Of course, the subject was not new; The importance of energy for improving human well-being has long been recognized by planners, particularly in poor or resource-poor countries.
  4. As a result of the turbulent decade of the 1970s, the critical role that energy plays in virtually all human activities has been widely acknowledged.
  5. Without a reliable and affordable source of energy, governments, institutions and people realized that day-to-day activities and future aspirations could be difficult or even impossible to achieve.
  6. Of course, the issue was not new the importance of energy in improving human welfare has been long – recognise by planners, especially those in poor or poorly resource endowed countries.

Emergence of Energy Planning – Integrated Energy Planning continues

  1. In the flurry of activities in the energy sector during the 70s, as many new approaches as new problems were identifiy.
  2. Energy issues (and energy specialists) emerged everywhere, some focusing on specific “new” technologies photovoltaic, wind, synthetic fuels others taking a Sectoral approach the role of energy in agriculture, utilization of forest resources, and literally dozens more.
  3. Energy problems frequently were magnified in developing countries because of lack of resources, both natural and financial.
  4. Instead of defining a specific sector or a single technology as a priority, the energy sector is viewed as one component in development, and a catalytic one.
  5. The focus is not on power supply or the provision of new technology. Instead, it looks at how energy relates to the development process and looks for ways to strengthen these connections to promote economic and social development.
  6. This method, in which the improved energy inputs are integrated into other development components, leads to synergies.
  7. In other words, separate inputs that operate simultaneously and in a coordinated manner can have an overall effect greater than the sum of the individual components.
  8. The concept of synergy is central to the integrated energy development approach.

Problems with the Traditional Sectoral Approach

  1. Traditional, sectoral approach has caused imbalances in energy development.
  2. Some areas, particularly urban or industrial centers, have access to energy sources of acceptable quality and price, while many remote areas are denied access.
  3. Likewise, numerous existing opportunities for improving the overall energy situation, in areas such as transportation, alternative energy development, energy conservation,etc., are neglect because they are not within the traditional spheres of activity of existing institutions.
  4. A strictly sectoral approach to energy finds it difficult to identify energy development opportunities outside of conventional fields of action.

Integrated Energy Planning

The integrated energy development approach does not see energy as a static good that needs to be valued and provided, but as a dynamic contribution that can catalyze economic and social development.
In this way also integrated energy development attempts to include geographic and thematic areas that are excluded from traditional energy and development planning.

  1. The supply side approach compounds centralization, one of the most pervasive issues in many developing countries.
  2. Traditional energy development naturally promotes centralization.
  3. Centralization allows for organization and management on a national level, which has its advantages and drawbacks.
  4. Energy Planning, broadly interpret, denotes a series of steps or procedures by which the myriad of interactions involve in the production and use of all forms of energy may be studied and understood within an explicit analytical framework.
  5. As an economic policy tool, Integrated Energy Planning (IEP)) will provide an energy system least cost planning , assessment of alternative policy options, identification of environmental alternatives, and)energy technologies evaluation to fulfil the useful energy demand.
  6. Detailed and comprehensive analysis of the energy sector.
  7. The linkage between the energy sector and the rest of the economy.
  8. The main interactions within the various energy sub sectors.

Demand’Orientation – Integrated Energy Planning

  1. At First The emphasis on the demand side of the energy equation is essential in integrated energy development.
  2. Traditionally due topublic and private energy companies around the world forecast demand and try to meet these needs.
  3. At last Energy infrastructure power plants, transmission systems, refineries, etc. are build and demand is often met.
integrated Energy Planning Framework
Integrated Energy Planning Framework

Why Integrated Approach?

  1. Energy though a driving factor in most economic activities , is also one other sector in the economy.
  2. Hence it is essential to analyze the links between Energy Sector and the rest of the economy.
  3. It is also essential to analyze the links between the various sub$sectors within the energy sector such as electricity Petroleum, Gas, Coal, Biomass etc.
  4. Also Integrated Energy Planning is a continuous exercise and not a one time activity.

IEP process – Integrated Energy Planning

  1. Establish the Energy Data Base
  2. Build Economic Growth Scenarios
  3. Make Energy Demand Projections
  4. Asses Energy Resources
  5. Evaluate Supply Technologies
  6. Balance Supply and$Demand
  7. Carry out impact analysis
  8. Develop investment and other financial plans
  9. Frame strategies for management of supply and demand

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